Psychology Reflection Discussion

Learning Goal: I’m working on a nursing discussion question and need an explanation and answer to help me learn.

Q1. Assessment Description

Answer both of the following discussion questions for your discussion response using the “Discussion Forum Sample.”

Explain the differences between irritable bowel syndrome and inflammatory bowel disease.

Gastric cancers require meticulous management. Choose a gastrointestinal cancer that is primary sourced in an organ of the gastrointestinal system and discuss the epidemiological characteristics and pathological ramifications of the condition.

Q2.Assessment Description

Answer all of the questions below using the “Discussion Forum Sample” for your discussion response.


A.O. is a 28-year-old woman who presents to your clinic with complaints of rectal bleeding and weakness. Five days ago, she noticed bright red blood in her stools. Furthermore, she reports that her daily bowel movements have increased to five or six with significant diarrhea. She has been weak for approximately three days. She has not traveled outside of the city, been hospitalized, or received antibiotics recently.

A proctosigmoidoscopy was conducted three days after the patient’s discharge from the acute care clinic. A significant pseudopolyps formation could be seen. Biopsies of the colon revealed erosions of the mucosa and ulcerations into the submucosa with mixed acute (i.e., neutrophils) and chronic (lymphocytes and macrophages) inflammatory cells. No dysplastic cells suggesting the development of colon carcinoma were seen. No multinucleated giant cells suggesting Crohn’s disease were seen. Inflammation and ulceration were limited to the rectum and sigmoid colon only. Crypts of Lieberkühn were intensely inflamed. Marked hemorrhaging of capillaries in the mucosa was also observed.

Laboratory Blood Test Results

Na+ = 143 meq/L

BUN = 20 mg/dL

Plt = 315,000/mm3

AST = 33 IU/L

K+ = 3.2 meq/L

Cr = 1.1 mg/dL

PO4-3 = 4.0 mg/dL

ESR = 24 mm/hr

ALT = 41 IU/L

Cl- = 108 meq/L

Hb = 10.8 g/dL

CRP = 1.5 mg/dL

T bilirubin = 0.9 mg/dL

Alb = 3.1 g/dL

HCO+3 = 18 meq/L

Hct = 36%

Ca+2 = 8.9 mg/dL

PT = 11.3 sec

Glu, fasting = 132 mg/dL

WBC = 9,400/mm3


What is the relevance of the last sentence in the first paragraph: “She has not traveled outside of the city, been hospitalized, or received antibiotics recently”? Explain your answer in detail.

What is the diagnosis? Explain your answer. Why and how did you come up with this diagnosis?

Identify eight abnormal laboratory blood test values and provide a brief pathophysiological explanation for each of them.

Q3 .Assessment Description

Answer both of the following questions for your discussion response using the “Discussion Forum Sample.”

Explain the differences between restrictive and obstructive respiratory disorders. Choose one disorder for each and explain the pathophysiological changes seen and alterations in pulmonary function tests that aid diagnosis.

Explain the manifestations of congenital pulmonary disorders seen in children.

Q4. Assessment Description

Select two of the following questions for your discussion response. Indicate which questions you have chosen using the format displayed in the “Discussion Forum Sample.”

Discuss the differences between respiratory acidosis and respiratory alkalosis. Provide a case study or presentation associated with respiratory acidosis or respiratory alkalosis.

Clinicians have developed an appreciation for obstructive sleep apnea. Explain the pathophysiological problems a patient could experience associated with obstructed sleep apnea (OSA).

Multiple conditions lead to pulmonary embolus. Articulate the development and associated conditions during pregnancy which lead to pulmonary embolus.

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