Intrusion detection and intrusion prevention


1. T F Anomaly-based intrusion detection systems generate alerts based on deviations from “normal” traffic.  Answer: _____

2. T F A host-based IDS monitors logs, files, and activity local to a single computer or device but cannot examine network traffic destined for the host. Answer: ____

3. T F When discussing IDS and IPS, a signature is a digital certificate used to identify the author of an exploit. Answer: _____

4. T F The success of stateful protocol analysis depends on vendors adhering to standard protocol models that specify expected protocol behavior.   Answer: _____

5. T F  Signature-based intrusion detection cannot identify previously unknown attacks. Answer: _____

6. T F The main difference between network-based IDS and IPS is that IPS responds to suspected attacks by blocking network traffic, while IDS provides notification if suspicious traffic is observed but allows the traffic to pass.  Answer: _____

7. T F Snort requires the use of at least one preprocessor to be able to analyze patterns in network traffic spanning multiple packets. Answer: _____

8. T F Snort generates an alert every time a detection rule is matched. Answer: _____

9. T F A network-based IDS that scans packet traffic to try to match known attack patterns is called a signature-based NIDS. Answer: _____

10. T F An in-line IDS must have the processing power to handle traffic at least as fast as the bandwidth of the network it monitors, or it will lose packets and potentially fail to notify on packets matching alert rules. Answer: _____

Part 2: Multiple Choice Questions. Print the correct answer in the blank following the question. (Scored as 2 points for each question; there is exactly one correct choice for each question.) (5 questions at 2 points each)

  1. Which of the following is an      advantage of anomaly-based detection?

a. Rules are easy to define

b. The data it produces can be easily analyzed 

c. It can detect “zero-day” or previously unknown attacks

d. Malicious activity that falls within normal usage patterns is detected

e. Rules developed at one site can be shared with many other users

Answer(s): ____

  1. Most      commercial NIDS tools generate alerts based on signatures at the network      layer and what other OSI model layer?
    1. Application       layer
    2. Presentation       layer
    3. Data-link       layer
    4. Transport       layer
    5. Session       layer

Answer(s): _____

  1. Potential      uses for intrusion detection and prevention systems include all of the      following EXCEPT?

a. Initiating incident response procedures

b. Notifying system administrators when patches need to be applied

c. Deterring employees from acting in ways that violate security policy

d. Recording information about the threats faced by an organization’s network  

e. Verifying the effectiveness of firewall rules in filtering traffic

Answer(s): _____

  1. Which      is/are true for intrusion protection systems (IPSes)?

a. An IPS detects network attacks and issues alerts

b. An IPS can respond to network attacks by blocking traffic and resetting connections

c. An IPS is typically deployed inline to monitor traffic

d. a and b only

e. a, b, and c

Answer(s): _____

  1. Which of the following is a limitation of Snort?

a. Cannot be centrally monitored with sensors running on different OSes

b. Cannot protect against insider threats

c. Cannot inspect encrypted traffic for attack signatures

d. Cannot scale to protect a large network

e. Cannot detect application-layer attacks

Answer(s): _____

Part 3: Short Answers. Please answer briefly and completely, and cite all sources of information. (6 questions at 10 points each)

  1. Identify, describe, and compare the two      primary methodologies used by network      intrusion detection systems;      in other words, the two major ways that NIDS tools work. In your analysis,      describe at least three ways in which the two types of NIDS are similar,      and at least three ways in which they differ.
  2. Identify      and briefly describe the two major points of emphasis when developing rules      (that is, how signatures are written) for signature-based network-based      IDS tools. Is one approach preferred over the other? Explain why.
  3. Describe      what a pre-processor does in a network-based IDS tool such as Snort. Demonstrate      your understanding of this functionality by citing two examples of      pre-processors and explaining what function they serve in the process of      network traffic analysis and intrusion detection.
  4. If an      attacker knew a network-based IDS like Snort was running in a targeted      environment, how might the attacker try to penetrate the network while      avoiding detection? Provide at least two examples of IDS evasion      techniques that might be used by an attacker, and suggest a remedy or      defense against the techniques you cite.
  5. Describe      how a host-based intrusion      detection system works, briefly contrasting it with network-based      intrusion detection. Explain three types of threats that can be countered      effectively by using HIDS tools. 
  6. Examine      the following screen-shot of a short packet capture in Wireshark. Describe      the sequence of packets exchanged between the two systems participating in      the conversation. What sort of traffic has been captured? What action is      occurring in the sequence shown on the screen? 


Screen-shot for question 6.

Part 4: IDS Placement. (20 points)  Please refer to the accompanying network diagram as you consider and respond to the following:

Global Corporation, Inc. (GCI) is a fictional company providing business services to a variety of clients across many industries, including commercial and government entities. GCI recently finished construction of a new corporate headquarters, which includes the network infrastructure for primary company operations. You are a security analyst specializing in intrusion detection brought in by GCI to help determine the most appropriate kinds of IDS to use and most effective IDS placements to protect their network.

GCI’s network uses a conventional three-zone architecture: devices exposed to the Internet are part of an un-trusted outer zone; Internet-accessible services such as the company website and email are in a demilitarized zone; and major systems and servers supporting both Internet-facing and internal applications as well as internal computing resources such as the corporate LAN are in a trusted zone. Each of these zones is segmented from the others using hardware-based firewalls; the corporate databases are further protected behind their own dedicated firewall. GCI allows employees remote access to the corporate LAN using either VPN or dial-up connections.

Identify the locations throughout the GCI network where you would recommend IDS to be deployed. Each of the components in the accompanying GCI-HQ Network diagram is lettered to simplify your references to the diagram. For network connections between devices and layers, you may assume for the purposes of this exercise that all components in a given zone share the same network segment. For each placement you recommend, please note the type of IDS to be deployed and any specific considerations that should be taken into account to ensure the effective monitoring of the location.

Get 20% Discount on This Paper
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Try it now!

Get 20% Discount on This Paper

We'll send you the first draft for approval by at
Total price:

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Our Services

Paper Helper has assembled a team of highly skilled writers with diverse experience in the online writing circles. Our aim is to become a one stop shop for all your Academic/ online writing. Check out below our amazing service!


Essay Writing Services

At Paper Helper, we prioritize on all aspects that creates a good grade such as impeccable grammar, proper structure, zero-plagiarism, and conformance to guidelines. The principal purpose of essay writing is to present the author's evaluation concerning a singular subject about which they have made. Since Professionalism is the mother of every success, try our team of experienced writers in helping you complete your essays and other assignments.


Admission Papers

You have been trying to join that prestigious institution you long yearned for, but the hurdle of an admission essay has become a stumbling block. We have your back, with our proven team that has gained invaluable experience over time, your chance of joining that institution is now! Just let us work on that essay.How do you write an admission essay? How do you begin the essay? For answers, try Quality Custom Writers Now!


Editing and Proofreading

Regardless of whether you're pleased with your composing abilities, it's never an impractical notion to have a second eye go through your work. The best editing services leaves no mistake untouched. We recognize the stuff needed to polish up a writing; as a component of our editing and proofreading, we'll change and refine your write up to guarantee it's amazing, and blunder free. Our group of expert editors will examine your work, giving an impeccable touch of English while ensuring your punctuation and sentence structures are top-notch.


Technical papers

We pride ourselves in having a team of clinical writers. The stringent and rigorous vetting process ensures that only the best persons for job. We hire qualified PhD and MA writers only. We equally offer our team of writers bonuses and incentives to motivate their working spirit in terms of delivering original, unique, and informative content. They are our resources drawn from diverse fields. Therefore your technical paper is in the right hands. Every paper is assessed and only the writers with the technical know-how in that field get to work on it.


College Essay Writing

If all along you have been looking for a trustworthy college essay service provider that provides superb academic papers at reasonable prices, then be glad that you search has ended with us. We are your best choice! Get high-quality college essay writing from our magnificent team of knowledgeable and dedicated writers right now!


Quality Assignment/Homework Help

We give the students premium quality assignments, without alarming them with plagiarism and referencing issues. We ensure that the assignments stick to the rules given by the tutors. We are specific about the deadlines you give us. We assure you that you will get your papers well in advance, knowing that you will review and return it if there are any changes, which should be incorporated.